One of the first things we have to keep in mind to understand what is grappling or BJJ, are 6 basic positions to control or to be controlled by our opponent.
In this way, This initial positions will be the first step to make the bjj techniques
in class, and why we seek end up in other positions.
Remember always, To get a perfect sumission there are tre facts you need to check in the correct order:
1-Position. (Dominant position over your oponent.)
2.- Control. (Control over your oponnet movement)
This two main steps can be applied in any order.
3.- Sumission. Bjj technique to make your opponet to tap out.
The Basic positions are:
– Complete Guard:
A fighter over the other, the fighter at the top is with his knees and calves on the floor and the fighter who is down has legs around the torso of top wrestler, in this position it is considered that the dominant fighter is the one on the bottom, at this positionthe bottom figther can develop several BJJ techniques of submission: Kimura, lever arm, legs triangle mainly.
This is a Closed Guard Position.
– Half Guard:
A fighter over another, but in this case the one at the top has one leg with the knee on the side of the fighter who is at the bottom and the other leg between the legs of fighter down (the fighter at the bottom has his legs trapping the leg of the upper fighter). In my personal opinion this situation no fighter dominates, but the fighter at the top has better chances to get to a better position, than the fighter at the bottom.
– The Mount:
A fighter over another, the one at the top is with knees and calves on the floor (knees usually up to the torso of the fighter who is below). In this position it is considered that the dominant fighter is the one who is at the top because it has ability to perform various bjj techniques of submission (armbar, American, Ezekiel, legs triangle, guillotine mainly.), Which is down generally has no possibility of submission techniques, only escape techniques.
This is a typical Mount Position
– Side Mounted (100 kilos or Side Control):
A wrestler over another, but in this case perpendicular to each other, the wrestler on top hold up under other wrestler from the bottom with his knees on one side and arms other. Doing presure with the chest, in this position the wrestler who dominates is the one at the top as he can perform several techniques to achieve the submission of its opponent. (arm bar, elbow lock are the easiest to get my mind now).
– Mount knee or Knee on the belly:
A fighter over another, the top fighter with one knee on the belly of the fighter down, and the other leg resting perpendicular to the bottom´s fighter body. This is Considered a temporary position and Serves to drain the rival´s stamina, the one how is down with a knee on his belly finds very difficult to breath.
– Butterfly Guard :
A fighter over another, the bottom fighter has his arms controling the opponet´s torso , but UNLIKE the position “The Guard” in the butterfly guardthe fighter down has Its legs up under the Opponent on top.
– Rear Mount:
A fighter over another, the one below has knees and arms (or elbows) on the floor, the one which is at the top is mounted on the back of the bottom fighter, with his legs under the body of fighter down to avoid falling. The dominant position is clearly to the fighter at the top since here is very easy to make the arms triangle sumission.
Half Guard Position
After more like the tortoise, X guard, spider guard, guard rubber … but these are variations of these first 6.
What position is better?
Once we have clear about the basic postures, we can arrange which are a priority, in which we are in a more favorable situation in combat. That is, the positions with which we have more controlled our opponent. Therefore, we can define them in the following order:
Mounted on the back on your opponent
Mounted on our opponent
Mounted knee your opponent
Side mounted on our opponent
In our opponent’s guard
Our opponent in the guard
Side mounted by your opponent
Mounted knee your opponent
Mounted by your opponent
Rear mounted by our opponent
Following this summary, one of our goals is to always be some of the first positions on the list.
To begin to understand the game or struggle, transition techniques we learn in class, we have to make a mental outline of this list, and try to change to a more beneficial position.